1. Introduction

1. Introduction

A flare occurs when magnetic energy that has built up in the solar atmosphere is suddenly released - mostly in the active regions around sunspots. Their frequency varies from several a day, when the sun is particularly active, to less than one a week during quiet periods. (The Telegraph, 2012).

To study the occurrences of these flares, we built a simple wooden antenna, used a simple SSID (Super Sudden Ionospheric Disturbance Receiver) and an application. When the antenna has been connected to the radio receiver, the application starts and data starts to be collected. To identify whether the data is a Class C Solar Flare, the signal strength should be more than 10–6 watts per square meter.

The data is derived from the SSID application on the computer which is stored as a text document. In addition, the program allows you to plot graphs by selecting the desired file you want which also states when the file was generated. The time it was generated can tell when the data was recorded.

⬅ Figure 0.1
A depiction of a Solar Flare, or what is known as a Fiery Looping rain on the sun.

⬅ Figure 0.2
Data collected in the SuperSID application.

⬅ Figure 0.3
Data collected in the SuperSID application.

➜ 1.1 Research Questions

➜ How often do Solar Flares occur?
➜ How many types of Solar Flares are there?
➜ What is the effect of Solar Flares on humans?
➜ How can we measure Solar Flares?

➜ 1.2 Hypothesis

It is possible to detect the occurrence of Solar Flares in School of Science and Technology, Singapore by using one of our three Radio Receivers, the Super SID Receiver. When the signal is more than 10–6 watts per square meter, it is likely that it is a Solar Flare, Class C and above, which is what we want to measure.

➜ Independent variable
- The days and period of time the data was recorded.

➜ Dependent variable
- Occurrence and strength of signals emitted by solar flares, especially if the strength of the signal is more than 10–6 watts per square meter.

➜ Controlled variable
- The time when the results are being recorded and measured.

- The radio we use in the experiment (Super SID Receiver [SSID]).

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